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Catalog No. —
CN 010633
Date —
Era —
1921-1949 (Great Depression and World War II)
Themes —
Environment and Natural Resources, Trade, Business, Industry, and the Economy
Credits —
Oregon Historical Society
Regions —
Author —
Oregon Journal Collection

Weyerhaeuser Timber Company

At the time of this photo in 1941, Weyerhaeuser Klamath Falls employed approximately 1,200 men and produced 200 million feet of wood products each year.  Weyerhaeuser experienced a boom at the start of World War II, and as a result, company officials saw a dramatic change in their product line and workforce.  Lumber production was earmarked for the war effort and the box factory changed priorities from fruit and vegetable boxes to airplane crates and cartons for ammunition.  The workforce, moreover, saw an influx of women who replaced men recruited by U.S. military.

At the Republican National Convention in 1892, Klamath Falls native Oliver C. Applegate first learned of the Minneapolis Weyerhaeuser family’s interest in Oregon’s rich forests.  Shortly after Frederick Weyerhaeuser and his associates purchased 900,000 acres of Washington State timberland in 1900, the group moved into the Klamath Basin and became an important contributor to the area’s economy.  The Weyerhaeuser Company purchased the Klamath Lake Railroad and nearby forestlands in 1905, and by 1908, controlled 158,000 acres.

In 1929, the Weyerhaeuser Company opened its Klamath Falls sawmill, and shortly thereafter, they erected a planing mill, dry kilns, and a box factory.  Camps in the surrounding forests cut and collected logs, which were then transported by railroad to the sawmill.

Further Reading:
Klamath County Historical Society. The History of Klamath Country, Oregon. Dallas, Texas,1984.

Sensel, Joni. Traditions Through the Trees. Seattle, Wash., 1999.

Weyerhaeuser Company, Weyerhaeuser Company History. Tacoma, Wash., 1974.

Written by Robert Donnelly, © Oregon Historical Society, 2003.